They thyroid gland is located in the front of your neck just below the Adam’s apple. It’s function is to convert iodine from the diet into thyroid hormone – thyroxine. The levels of thyroxine control your body’s metabolism and have an effect on your heart rate, temperature and growth.
Lumps in the thyroid gland can be either benign or malignant. In addition , these lumps can also alter the production of thyroxine and lead to symptoms of either an overactive or underactive thyroid.
There are normally four parathyroid glands located near or attached to the back surface of the thyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are usually no larger than a grain of rice. These glands secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH) that controls the calcium levels in your body.
Occasionally, the parathyroid gland can form lumps and become overactive and require resection.
Other causes of neck lumps include lymph gland enlargement, cysts (sacs of fluid) , nerve and muscle tumours and less common congenital (birth related) tumours.
At integrated, we have specialist endocrine and head & neck surgeons that can evaluate neck lumps and operate to remove them, if required. We have access to diagnostic ultrasound and fine needle biopsies to provide rapid pathological diagnosis, if required.